Lesson 8 Writing an extended response

Before writing an extended response:

1. Refer to your notes on the speeches you have selected for study.

2. Refer the rubric

3. Target the specific detail in the question

Read the response below and use it as a model to write your own response.

Speech Structure



2 paragraphs

Define distinctive voice

Outline main ideas in speeches being discussed.

It is the distinctive voices of the speakers that create memorable speeches that inspire and move audiences. Martin Luther King Jr’s (MLK) ‘I have a dream’ speech exemplifies a voice demanding justice and equality while the 9th Earl of Spencer presents a sympathetic and reflective tone to pay tribute in his eulogy to Princess Diana. (Related Text).

It is through the distinctive voices in the speeches examined that the message is forever imprinted and targeted to the audiences in their specific contexts.


3 big paragraphs divided into smaller paragraphs

(Topic sentence




(Topic Sentence) Speakers use distinctive voices to direct their audience towards a specific motive.

In August 1963, MLK wanted his audience to rise up as a unified front in the Civil Rights movement striving for equal rights for all. He electrified America with his momentous ‘I have a dream’ speech, dramatically delivered from the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. It is characterised by its soaring rhetoric and its authoritative and moral demands for racial justice. (Explanation and evidence)

King constantly draws on the emotionally charged audience’s nationalistic pride. His introduction borrows on Lincoln’s Gettysburg address ‘Four score years ago’ to signify the historic value of this speech.  He continuously uses the history motif through anaphora ‘One hundred years later’ and biblical allusions ‘ I am the light of the world’ to create a sense of purpose about their role in history.

King’s distinctive voice through soft sibiliant sounds and emphatic Southern drawl builds a sense of urgency through metaphors and imagery. He begins with the banking metaphor and builds up to his ‘dream’ for America which uses an imperative tone to demand for justice and equality for all Black Americans.

Ultimately King has his audience cheer in euphoric frenzy because the distinctive voice of authority and urgency has moved the audience to rise up and support the Civil Rights movement. (conclusion)

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